We live in enlightened times here in Indonesia especially Bangka Belitung, and everybody knows that if you touch someone in a way that you shouldn’t or shower them with unwanted attention, then this may constitute sexual harassment in the workplace.
But sexual harassment is not just about the most obvious things like inappropriate touching or making suggestive comments. There is far more than you might imagine to this emotive subject and in this article, we explain some of the subtler ways in which you could be subjected to sexual harassment by a work colleague without even realizing it.
What is Sexual Harassment at Work in Indonesia
Long story short, is a form of unlawful sexual discrimination and the term sexual harassment covers a host of phrases, words and actions that can lead to an employee feeling upset, worried or frightened to such an extent that their working conditions are affected. In many cases, it can lead to distress and illness and can even impact a victim’s day-to-day life.
In law, it is defined as ‘unwelcome verbal, visual, non-verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. Or based on someone’s sex. Also, that it is severe or pervasive, creating a hostile working environment or affecting working conditions.’ This definition covers a wide range of unwanted behavior that can be broken down into four categories. Namely – verbal or written actions, physical actions, non-verbal and visual.
The word ‘unwelcome’ is the term on which a case of sexual harassment stands or falls. Unwelcome means that the conduct is unwanted, and this should be made absolutely clear. In other words, you should make the harasser understand, either verbally, in writing or by your physical actions, that their actions are causing you to be uncomfortable and that they must stop.
Facts and Figures about Sexual Harassment at Work
A recent national survey conducted by Stop Street Harassment, a non-profit organization, found that some 81% of women and 43% of men have reported experiencing a form of assault or harassment at some point in their lives. One of the top three places where sexual harassment is likely to take place is in the workplace and with the rise of the #SpeakUp, #MeToo and #TimesUp campaigns it seems that it is endemic everywhere from top to bottom of the career ladder.
10 Examples of Sexual Harassment at Work
So, let’s look at some of the things that constitute sexual harassment, including subtle types of sexual harassment at work that you may not have thought about. Here are 10 examples of sexual harassment you should look out for in Indonesia:
- Physically blocking a person’s movements; in other words – standing in their way
- ‘Accidentally on purpose’ brushing up against a person
- Staring or looking their body up and down
- Following them around or paying excessive attention
- Making insulting comments about someone’s gender identity or sexual orientation or asking about someone’s sexual orientation
- Telling lewd jokes or sharing stories about sexual experiences – even if this is not directed at you but done in your presence to cause you discomfort
- Sending unwanted suggestive or lewd emails, letters or other communications or sharing images of a sexual nature around the workplace or displaying posters, items or screensavers of a sexual nature
- Inappropriate and suggestive touching, kissing, rubbing or caressing of a person’s body and/or clothing
- Repeatedly asking for dates despite being rebuffed or asking for sexual favors
- Making sexually offensive gestures, remarks or facial expressions
This is just a small sample of behaviors that could be construed as sexual harassment at work, and there are others that fall under the banner of workplace sexual harassment. The bottom line is, if someone who you work with is exhibiting behavior, verbal, physical or otherwise that makes you feel uncomfortable then you should take steps to deal with it as soon as possible.
What to do if You’ve Been Sexually Harassed
The topics that we have just covered should give you an idea of whether you are a victim of sexual harassment at work but if you’re still unsure, you should take expert advice straight away. It doesn’t matter either who the harasser is, whether they are a manager, contractor or a colleague. What they are doing is illegal, and if their actions are affecting how you work or making you feel uncomfortable or even ill, you need to get them to stop. Here are a few things you can do initially if you are a victim of sexual harassment:
- Write down everything that happens and is said. Include dates, times and locations and include any witness statements. Keep copies of all written and verbal communications between you and your employer.
- Report the harassment to your boss, supervisor or human resources department. For example if you are an Aparatur Sipil Negara in Bangka Belitung you can meet Mrs. Dina Diana as Sub Divison Head of Dicipline Badan Kepegawaian and Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia Daerah or you can come to our office. Let me know if you need any help.
- Review your personnel file to keep track of anything that is said or written about you.
- Don’t delay in bringing a complaint because under state law you may only have 180 days from the date when the sexual harassment starts.
The simple fact is that sexual harassment is against the law and if you feel you have a legitimate case you can file a lawsuit against the offender because there are laws in place to protect you. Indonesia provides for the Women's Freedom Law which prohibits sexual harassment in workplaces and it applies to all employers that have one or more employees. An employer is legally required to take steps to ensure their employees do not suffer sexual harassment at work and that any harassment is properly dealt with. So, the first thing you should do, assuming that you have already tried to make the harasser desist in their behavior, is to utilize your company’s complaint processes. If this doesn’t bring a satisfactory conclusion for you, then you have the option to file a charge and go to court.